Background image of a crumbled paper and on foreground caption elements of art texture

Elements of Art Texture: How it Impacts Overall Artwork?

When most people think of art, they usually think of paintings or drawings. But they don’t realize what goes into an artwork. Various elements are used to create a work of art, and each element can add its unique property to what we see as the final picture. Today, we’re going to focus on one particular element: texture.

The texture is one of those things that can be tricky to describe, but when you see it (or feel it), you know it. In general, texture refers to how an object looks on the surface. It’s the visual or tactile quality of something, how it feels when you touch it.

However, it’s important to note that we may often not feel texture the same way it appears. For example, a wooden surface created on a painting may be rough in appearance but smooth when touched. So texture can be a fun element in art and design.

Elements of Art Texture

Texture is one of the elements of art that can add visual interest and depth to a painting. It can be created with brushstrokes, palette knives, or other mark-making tools.

Some textures are smooth, while others are rough. Texture can also be created by adding different kinds of materials to the surface of the painting, such as sand, gravel, or bits of fabric.

When used judiciously, texture can add an extra dimension to a painting and make it more interesting.

The different elements of art are:

  1. Elements of Art Line
  2. Elements of Art Shape
  3. Elements of Art Form
  4. Elements of Art Color
  5. Elements of Art Space
  6. Elements of Art Texture
  7. Elements of Art Value

Every composition uses one or more elements to produce a work of art. The elements are combined in any way the artist chooses and used to create an effect that is pleasing to the eye.

Texture on a two dimensional surface. Texture of a wooden piece.
The texture of a wooden surface

These elements of art are the framework for any art. Understanding and mastering the Elements of Art also helps an artist in his career.

The texture is just one of those elements, and when used correctly, it can significantly impact the overall artwork.

Texture also refers to the surface quality of any work.

What are the Two Broad Types of Textures in Art?

Art has two broad types of textures: actual texture and implied texture.

What is an Actual Texture?

Physical Wooden carvings, example of tactile texture, curved and real.
Example of Actual textures

Actual texture is the physical texture of the artwork’s surface, which you can feel with your hands. For example, a painting made with thick oil paint will have a different texture than a watercolor painting.

Texture creates a certain mood or feeling in a piece. It is used to suggest movement or add dimension. It is also used simply for aesthetic purposes. The actual texture is also called real texture or realistic texture. There are many reasons why an artist uses actual texture in his work.

What is an Implied Texture?

Implied texture, on the other hand, is the illusion of texture created by the artist’s use of line, color, and light. An excellent example of implied texture is seen in woodblock prints, where the lines used to create the image also suggest the grain of the wood. Implied texture can also be called visual texture.

By understanding how to use implied texture, artists can add more dimension and detail to their work. This can be useful for creating visual interest or suggesting a particular mood or atmosphere. For example, rough brushstrokes are used to indicate a rugged landscape, while softer lines are used to create a sense of tranquility.

Whether actual or implied, textures add an essential dimension to artworks and give them a sense of richness and depth.

What is the other kind of textures?

What does Contradictory Texture in art mean?

Contradictory Texture means using an unusual texture to the surface of an object or using a texture inconsistent with regular usage.

3-d artists use this texture and wish to embed innovation into their artwork. The contradiction can be anything; one side of the artwork can be smooth while the other is rough.

Another example is a statue of a bird. The bird looks like it is wood, and the medium used may be metal but it appears to be wood. This is also an example of contradictory texture.

In simple terms, the textures contradict your expectation.

What is a Repeated Texture in Art?

Image of tiles, yellow color with blue color designs, example of what is a repeated texture
Repeated texture

Repeated Textures are repeated continuously in the form of a grid for an artwork. Repeated textures are created using blocks or some form of impression, and the same textures are imprinted or repeated to create the artwork.

Repeated textures are used to create simplicity and uniformity and show neatness in the artwork. These textures are used on the artwork on cloth or canvas where repetition and consistency are required.

Some repeated textures may not have borders, resulting in a seamless repeating texture.

What is Artificial Texture in Art?

The artificial texture is a term used to describe the various techniques artists use to create the illusion of texture on a two-dimensional surface. It is most often used for textured surfaces that seek to imitate natural textures, such as wood grain or stone.

There are various reasons an artist might use artificial texture in their work. In some cases, it may simply be a matter of aesthetics; the artist may prefer the look of a textured surface over a smooth one.

In other cases, the artist may be trying to create a certain mood or atmosphere; rougher textures might convey a sense of ruggedness, while smoother textures might convey a sense of sophistication.

An Artificial texture is a texture created by an Artist using mediums and materials, which is precisely the opposite of natural or Organic texture.

An artist creates an artificial texture to create a sense of depth and realism in the space in his artwork. The intensity of the texture depends on light, the angle at which the light falls, and the shadow.

Whatever the reason, artificial texture can be a powerful tool in the hands of a skilled artist.

How Does Texture Impact Artwork?

One of the things I love most about art is the way it can engage all of your senses. When looking at a painting, sculpture, or photograph, you’re not just seeing it with your eyes. You’re also feeling it with your hands and sometimes even smelling it or hearing it. And that’s what I love about texture in art. It’s a way to add another layer of dimension and make the experience of looking at a piece of art more immersive.

Used to Create Interest and Depth in an Artwork

In art, texture can be simulated using various techniques, such as painting with a coarse brush or applying thick layers of paint. Artists may also use actual objects to create texture, such as fabric, feathers, or stones.

The level of detail in the textures can also vary from rough and rugged to smooth and sleek. No matter how it’s created, the texture is a powerful element that can add depth, dimension, and interest to any artwork.

Used to Create Realism in an Artwork

Artists use texture to create realistic images and to add interest to their work. When used effectively, texture can make an artwork seem three-dimensional and lifelike. It can also add warmth, coldness, softness, or hardness to an image.

By using different textures, artists can make their work appear more lifelike. For example, using textured paint can give the illusion of skin texture, while using other fabrics can create the appearance of clothing. In short, texture property is an important art element artists use to create realistic artworks.

Used to Create Abstract Artwork

Texture is one of the most important elements of abstract painting. It creates a sense of depth to add visual interest or fun elements. There are endless possibilities for texture, and artists often experiment with different mediums and techniques to find the perfect way to express their vision.

Whether rough or smooth, bumpy or flat, textured artwork always has a unique and compelling quality.

Used to Create a Certain Feeling or Mood in Artwork

An artist can create a certain feeling or mood by varying the textures in a painting. For example, rough textures can create a sense of movement, while smooth textures can create a feeling of calm.

Using different textures, an artist can give the viewer a sense of how they should view the work. For instance, raised textures can indicate that an object is meant to be viewed from afar, while textured patterns can direct the viewer’s eye to specific areas of the piece.

Ultimately, artists can use texture to create visually appealing and emotionally evocative artwork by understanding how texture affects viewers.

Used to Create a Focal Point in an Artwork

Artists often use texture to create a focal point in their work, whether a rough surface that begs to be touched or a smooth expanse that draws the eye.

For example, a painting may feature a smooth sky with fluffy clouds, but the artist may include a rough texture in the mountain range. The eye is naturally drawn to the more uneven surface, making it the focal point of the painting.

In a sculpture, an artist may use a variety of textures to create a sense of depth. The rough texture of the rocks may be in contrast to the smooth texture of the water, making the latter the focal point.

By carefully considering texture, artists can control how viewers experience their work and make a lasting impression.

Used to Emphasize the Form or Space in an Artwork

In art, the texture is often used to emphasize the form or space in an artwork. The emphasis is done by contrasting the two elements, such as using a rough texture to highlight a smooth form.

An artist may also use texture to fill in negative space, such as the space between two objects creating a sense of depth and dimension in an otherwise flat work of art.

The texture is often about creating the illusion of three-dimensional space on a two-dimensional surface. Ultimately, artists can add visual interest and depth to their work by understanding how to use texture.

Used to Unite Different Elements Within a Work of Art

Texture can create visual interest in basic shapes, unify disparate elements, and add depth and dimension. When used correctly, texture can take a flat, two-dimensional image and turn it into a work of art that seems to jump off the page.

A painting with a smooth, even surface can be boring, but one with a rough, textured surface can be pretty intriguing. By adding texture to work, artists can add a sense of movement and energy.

One way to use texture is to unify a work of art by contrasting smooth and rough surfaces. This contrast can draw the eye toward certain areas of the painting or sculpture. And by using light and dark colors, an artist can also create a sense of depth and dimension.


The texture is one of the most important elements in any artwork. By understanding how texture affects viewers, artists can create visually appealing and emotionally evocative artwork.

In a painting, for example, an artist may use a smooth surface to create a feeling of calm while using a rough surface to make sense of movement.

The texture is also used to emphasize the form or space in an artwork, unify different elements within a work of art, and add depth and dimension.

Ultimately, by understanding how to use texture effectively, artists can make their work more exciting and engaging for viewers.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What are Textural Characteristics?

    Textural characteristics in the art refer to the visual and tactile qualities of a surface, such as roughness, smoothness, bumpiness, and patterns. By giving the artwork texture and dimension, they accentuate emotion while adding a dynamic touch, thus contributing immeasurably to its success. Many methods, such as brushstrokes and layering with various materials, can be used to cultivate these vital characteristics that bring art to life.

  2. What are the Basic Textures?

    The basic textures in the art are actual, simulated, and invented. When discussing texture, Actual Texture is the complex physical feel of a material like rock or glass. Simulated Texture implies that an artist has created an imitation of an existing real-world texture through unique methods such as brushstrokes to suggest fur. Lastly, Invented Texture involves creating something entirely new and unprecedented think swirling patterns and abstract shapes.

  3. Why are Elements of Texture Important?

    Elements of texture are essential because they add depth and interest to a piece of art or design. Texture can create visual appeal, stir emotions or provide a feeling of touch. It can also infuse movement and depth into an artwork or design, thereby making it more captivating for the audience. Incorporating texture into your work dramatically enhances its overall appeal and dynamism.

  4. Can Texture be Created Using Different Mediums?

    Textures can be created using paint, ink, pencil, charcoal, or digital tools. Your chosen medium will drastically influence the outcome and how much control you have over creating a desired texture. Each material has its individual properties that can be taken advantage of to craft various effects.

  5. How does Texture Add Depth to a Piece of Art?

    Texture adds depth to a piece of art by creating visual interest and a sense of movement. Not only does this make it more realistic for viewers to engage with the work on an aesthetic level, but emotionally different textures can often elicit unique feelings from those observing them. By creating a range of textures, artists can construct the illusion of depth and dimension that breathes life into their artwork.

  6. How is Texture Used in Digital Art?

    In digital art, the texture adds depth and realism to a piece. Texture can evoke various perceptual sensations and effects, such as the illusion of roughness or smoothness on multiple surfaces. Moreover, it is possible to use textures to create an atmosphere that suggests particular types of movement–such as using swirling brush strokes, filters, and patterns for invoking wind turbulence. Layering and blending distinct elements is critical in achieving this effect.

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